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Watch Out! Common Infections During Pregnancy

Pregnancy is a beautiful and delicate journey for women. After all, you are not just caring for your life but for your babies as well. One of the potential dangers that may develop during this period are gynecological infections. Let’s discuss some of these infections affecting the female reproductive tract during pregnancy and learn how to be protected from them.

Pregnancy Infection no. 1: Bacterial Vaginosis

Bacterial vaginosis is caused by the overgrowth of anaerobic bacteria that is naturally found in your vagina. Scientists have yet to determine what exactly triggers the condition. It is often characterized by the following symptoms.

  • Thin, gray, green, or white vaginal discharge
  • Foul-smelling odor from the vagina
  • Itching around the vagina
  • A burning sensation when urinating

The infection also poses risks for pregnancy as it may lead to an earlier than expected delivery. Additionally, it can result in low birth weight for the baby. This should be treated as early as possible.

Pregnancy Infection no. 2: Uterine Infections

This type of infection happens when bacteria from the vagina travels to the uterus. It is especially dangerous during pregnancy, as the baby is at direct risk. It can lead to possible birth defects.

Uterine infections can also make labor more difficult. For one, some women would be susceptible to organ failure during the process. There can also be other unwanted complications. On the other hand, pregnant women are vulnerable to possible uterine infections during extended labor. This happens if their uterine membranes burst during labor.

Pregnancy Infection no. 3: Vaginal Yeast Infection

Unlike the previous ones, vaginal yeast infection is caused by a fungus, Candida. While the fungus is naturally present in the vagina, things like hormonal imbalance and diabetes can cause it to grow uncontrollably. It can also happen during pregnancy due to increased estrogen.

Some of the symptoms that might indicate vaginal yeast infection include:

  • Swelling around the vagina
  • Pain during urination
  • A white discharge
  • Itchiness

Note that this is similar to symptoms found in other infections. As such, it is important to have yourself tested early to determine what exact infection it is and how it should be treated. Different types of Candida also result in differing severity of symptoms.

Protecting Yourself From Infections During Pregnancy

Good hygiene is the first thing that you need to maintain to avoid infections during pregnancy. Wash your hands regularly and thoroughly after doing activities like using the bathroom and preparing food. Additionally, you need to avoid contact with your dog or cat litter. Have someone else do it or be sure to wear gloves and wash your hands thoroughly if you want to do it yourself. You will also lessen the risk of contracting infections by reducing contact with urine of babies and young children. One way to do this is to wash hands after changing diapers.

It is also important for you to get tested for sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), such as HIV and hepatitis B, and protect yourself from them. Some vaccinations are recommended before you become pregnant, during pregnancy, or right after delivery. Having the right vaccinations at the right time can help you become healthy and to keep your baby from getting very sick.

Lastly, make sure that you maintain proper nutrition. A dietician can help you determine the right kinds of food that you should eat during each stage of your pregnancy. Taking supplements will also help you strengthen your immune system and fight off infections. These tips can help you prevent infections that could harm you and your developing baby. If you think you might have an infection or think you are at risk. See your healthcare provider.

Sources
Jonson Memorial Health, Apr 15, 2019, The Truth About Menopause, Johnson Memorial Health, http://blog.johnsonmemorial.org/the-truth-about-menopause
Farzaneh, F., Fatehi, S., et. al. Nov. 2013, The effect of oral evening primrose oil on menopausal hot flashes: a randomized clinical trial, Gynecology Translational Research Center, Shaheed Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/23625331/
Pruthi, S., Wahner-Roedler, D., et. al. Apr. 15, 2010, Vitamin E and evening primrose oil for management of cyclical mastalgia: a randomized pilot study, Breastr Diagnostic Clinic, Mayo Clinic, https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/20359269/ Source:
Villines, Z,, Jun. 25, 2018, Common infections during pregnancy, Medical News Today, https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/322210
March 10, 2021, 10 Tips for Preventing Infections Before and During Pregnancy, Center for Disease Control And Prevention, https://www.cdc.gov/pregnancy/infections.html
Frieh, L., Jun. 2021, Infections During Pregnancy, University of Texas Health Medical School, MSD Manual Consumer Versioon, https://www.msdmanuals.com/home/women-s-health-issues/pregnancy-complicated-by-disease/infections-during-pregnancy


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Watch Out! Common Infections During Pregnancy

Pregnancy is a beautiful and delicate journey for women. After all, you are not just caring for your life but for your babies as well. One of the potential dangers that may develop during this period are gynecological infections.

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